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Fullerphone Superposing Unit

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The Fullerphone could be used over a single line and earth return or a double wire (diagram 1). Since a Fullerphone operated on DC, it was possible to work with a telephone or switchboard on the same line, a method known as superposing (diagram 2). This feature provided speech communication between the two telephones, and Morse communication between the two Fullerphones. The speech was not heard in the Fullerphones, since speech currents could pass through a Fullerphone, but were kept out of the chopper by the Fullerphone filter. The Fullerphone signals, being DC, were not heard in the telephones, blocked by the capacitors in the telephone circuit and bypassed through the magneto bell. There was, therefore, no mutual interference. The extra insertion loss was neglectable.

Apart from the simple series superposed method, there were also circuits known as superposed series and superposed phantom. These  circuits were normally used on lines connecting two exchanges, requiring a Superposing Unit (One Transformer) on each side.

Superposed phantom circuit using a double wire and a Superposing Unit on each side (right). This method was the most suitable to use when a double wire was available. The Fullerphone current splitted in the winding, half flowing through each line. At the distant station the currents re-combine and return through earth.

Fullerphone and telephone D Mk.V.

Fullerphones connected via single line and earth return or double wire (diagram 1 above).

Superposing telephones and Fullerphones via single line and earth return or double wire (diagram 2 above)

Fullerphone Mk.IV (left) and Telephone Set D Mk.V phantom superposed using a Superposing Unit (One Transformer), as seen in the centre of the picture.

Fullerphone superposed phantom. Fullerphone superposed series.

        Superposed phantom circuit.                            Superposed series circuit.

Fullerphones normal connected. Fullerphones superposing.

Superposing Unit (One Transformer) in opened position. The two instrument and line plug connectors were provided for connecting to Switchboard UC and Frames D and P.

Superposing Unit in closed position. On the lid was a tongue for clipping the unit to Switchboards UC 10-line, 6-line or Frames D and P (Distribution and Protection).

‘Superposing Units (One Transformer)’ previously known as "Experimental Transformer, Compositing", was a 1:1 ratio transformer having the primary and secondary windings split at a central point. (right) The transformer was toroidal wound on a special dust ring core. The inductance of each winding was 7H at 300Hz, insertion loss about 1dB.

Superposing unit closed. Superposing unit opened.